% Ammonia, NH3 Wt % Nitrogen, % N Sp. AQUA AMMONIA PROPERTIES Wt. Aqua ammonia drums should be stored out of the sun and away from heat. Protect against physical damage. The pure compound is a colourless liquid that fumes with a slight odour similar to that of ammonia. Density of: Aqua Ammonia is 895 Conditions: Not Established. 7664-41-7, not the liquid: Vapor pressure at 20 °C: 118 torr OSHA PEL: 50 ppm mixtures and with the vapours from aqueous solutions of ammonia mixed with air. Since NH3H2O is a mixture, its implementation differs somewhat from that for the pure substances. General Acute Exposure: Aqua ammonia may cause caustic injury. NH 3 Per Gallon at 60oF Lbs. Chapter 2 — Properties of Ammonia Chemical Properties of Ammonia Chemical Properties Anhydrous ammonia is a naturally occurring compound comprised of two very common elements — nitrogen and hydrogen. Limits pertain to the vapor, CAS No. The densities of the solutions are less than that of water. Ammonia, aqueous NH 3(aq) CAS No. aqua ammonia does not follow normal dilution rules. Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH 3.A stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. @ 60°F Comp’d w/ H2O @ 60°F Baumé @ 60°F Wt. It is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to food and fertilizers. Aqua ammonia has advantages over anhydrous ammonia: placement need not be as deep, and high-pressure applicators are not required. In the ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system, ammonia works as the refrigerant and water works as the absorbent. AQUA AMMONIA INDUSTRIAL GRADE AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE DESCRIPTION Aqua Ammonia (NH 4 OH) is a clear and colorless, low vapor pressure liquid product manufactured to the following reagent grade specifications: CHEMICAL PROPERTIES PROPERTY SPECIFICATIONS** Appe aranc e Color less, W ater W hite Assay* (% by w t. NH 3 Chemsrc provides Aqueous ammonia(CAS#:1336-21-6) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. (AQUA AMMONIA 29%) PAGE 4 of 10 7 – HANDLING and STORAGE STORAGE: Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area below 44°C (110°F). Some literature data exists on both systems. Lbs. Calculate online thermodynamic and transport properties of ammmonia based on industrial formulation (formulated in Helmholtz energy) for advanced technical applications. Molecular Weight of: Aqua Ammonia is 35.0456 Conditions: Not Established. Its density is 0.589 times that of air, which means that it’s lighter than air. Thus, it acts like a strong Lewis base. Ammonia molecule has a strong tendency to donate its lone pair of. A 0.1 mol dm-3 ammonia solution has a pH of about 10. The use of ammonia vapor produces a superior quality Aqua Ammonia solution to that produced from liquid anhydrous ammonia. Household strength aqua ammonia is primarily used with other … At atmospheric pressure, ammonia, NH3, is present as a liquid at temperatures below -33.6 °C (-28.5 °F). Aqua ammonia (21% N) is a liquid under low pressure and must be incorporated into the soil to prevent the loss of free ammonia to the atmosphere. The solution saturated at 15° C. has a density of 0.882. The atmosphere is nearly 80% nitrogen, whereas hydrogen is a common element in many organic compounds. Ammonia properties. . Ammonia, a colorless gas with a distinct odor, is a building-block chemical and a key component in the manufacture of many products people use every day.It occurs naturally throughout the environment in the air, soil and water and in plants and animals, including humans. NH3H2O (Ammonia-Water) NH3H2O provides the thermodynamic properties of ammonia-water mixtures in subcooled, saturated and superheated conditions. May be subject to detonation if allowed to dry out. It contains a certain amount of unattached or free ammonia and, therefore, should be applied on the same basis as anhydrous. Aqua ammonia is usually shipped in either cargo tanks, polyethylene drums or composite drums. It is possible to lose all of the free ammonia if it is not incorporated. The anhydrous ammonia and aqua ammonia volumes are not additive with water volumes, i.e. at 60oF Comp’d w/H 2 0 at 60oF Baume at 60oF Weight Per Gallon (Lbs.) : 1336-21-6 (approximately 30% NH 3) Synonyms: Aqua ammonia, ammonia water, Spirit of Hartshorn, ammonium hydroxide Physical Properties Exposure Limits A colorless alkaline liquid with a pungent odor. The final volume would be less than 10 Ammonia is a colourless, reactive gas that is lighter than air (approximately half as heavy) which dissolves readily in water. . Ammonia is a covalent compound with the following physical properties: Ammonia is very soluble in water, but it ionises partially in water to form a weak alkali. The severity of injury depends upon the concentration and duration of exposure. Grav. Per Gallon (lbs.) Isolate from incompatible substances. Aqua ammonia is made from a solution of 19-30% ammonia dissolved in water and is a common commercial form of ammonia that is readily available and practical to transport and use. Ammonia is a colorless gas that is found in very small quantities in nature. At this concentration, ammonia forms a nearly saturated solution in water. Drums should not be subjected to rough handling or to abnormal mechanical shock such as dropping or bumping. View Other Units / View All Physical Properties of Aqua Ammonia, Comment on them and/or Add more. The equilibrium constant for this reaction at 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5. It is highly soluble in water and is therefore commonly used as a water solution called ‘aqua ammonia’. one gallon of anhydrous ammonia added to nine gallons of water does not result in 10 gallons of solution. Unionized ammonia freely diffuses through tissue cells and forms ammonium hydroxide (NH 4 OH) upon contact with tissue water; in the blood, ammonium ion (99%) and ammonia (1%) exist in a dynamic equilibrium as predicted by pH partitioning for a weak base (pK a = 9.25). Can react with both oxidizing agents and reducing agents. . Ammonia is also commercially and . In aqueous solutions, NH 3 ionizes in accordance with the reaction. Ammonium hydroxide is soluble and much more stable in its aqueous form than in its natural state, which is why ammonia is frequently transported and used once dissolved in water as aqua ammonia. 3 (Weast et al. In many respects it resembles water in its physical properties. Ammonia is easily soluble in water, with evolution of heat. Physical Properties of: Aqua Ammonia . For more details about phase transitions, see ammonia phase diagram.. Below the tables, properties of liquid ammonia at saturation pressure as function of temperatur, are shown in figures. Structural, Chemical and Physical Properties of Ammonia Physical Properties Property Value or Detail Molecular Mass 17.03 g/mol Colour Colourless Odour Sharp, Intensely Irritating Physical State Gas (at room temperature) Melting Point -77.7°C Boiling Point -33.35°C Flash Point 11°C Decomposition Point 500°C Density (Gas) 0.7710g/L Density (Liquid) 0.6818g/L … It is a solution of ammonia gas (a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen) in water. Toxicokinetics. Aqueous Ammonia » Aqueous Ammonia General Properties of Aqueous Solutions. This helps to explain why Control parameters Ammonia (7664-41-7) USA ACGIH ACGIH TWA 25 ppm USA ACGIH ACGIH STEL 35 ppm USA NIOSH IDLH NIOSH IDLH 300 ppm USA NIOSH NIOSH REL (TWA) 18 mg/m³; 25 ppm commonly available as an aqueous solution; the most common commercial formulation is 28–30% NH. The manufacturing method consists of the rapid dissolution of anhydrous ammonia vapor into de-mineralized water. NH3 Per Gallon @ 60°F Lbs. Aqua Ammonia Sometimes water is added to anhydrous ammonia to reduce the pressure needed to keep it in a liquid state and, in some respects, make it easier to handle. Properties of Ammonia 1. Since ammonia is widely used in the gaseous form and also as an aqueous solution for the amination of organic compounds, reliable data is required on the flammability of both the anhydrous and aqueous material. Per Cent Nitrogen % N Sp. Articles of Aqueous ammonia are included as well. The resulting material is called aqua ammonia. Lbs. : 303 6/13 11/20/2012 SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection 8.1. First, it requires 3 independent properties … Ammonia is environmentally benign, having zero GWP and zero ODP. Grav. electrons of nitrogen to other molecules. Per Cent Ammonia % NH 3 Wt. Intended Use of the Product Fertilizer 1.3. Ammonia is an efficient and popular refrigerant due to its superior thermodynamic properties and low cost. UREA, AMMONIUM NITRATE SOLUTION, (W/AQUA AMMONIA) is a basic solution. At 10 bara, the condensation/boiling point is 25 °C (77 °F). Reacts exothermically with acids. This tutorial describes how to read an aqua ammonia enthalpy concentration diagram. However, ammonia does exhibit a unique refrigerant characteristic due to its irritating odor. Hydrazine, N2H4, is a molecule in which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an ―NH2 group. Page 2 of 8 POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS Primary Routes of Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact. 2-24 Total Vapor Pressures of Aqueous Solutions of NH 3. . Ammonia being alkaline can undergo neutralisation with acids to form ammonium salts. Thus, ammonia ionizes to a very small extent in aqueous solution. Name, Address, and Telephone of the Responsible Party Company CF Industries Sales, LLC 4 Parkway North, Suite 400 Deerfield, Illinois 60015-2590 847-405-2400 Aqua Ammonia is also known as ammonia solution, ammonium hydroxide, ammonia water, ammonical liquor, ammonia liquor, aqueous ammonia, or simply ammonia.. TCC’s Aqua Ammonia is a clear, colorless liquid with a strong pungent ammonia odor. . Aqua Ammonia Safety Data Sheet 04/30/2015 EN (English) SDS Ref. 1988). Product Name: Aqua Ammonia 29% CAS No: 1336-21-6 Synonyms: Ammonia water, Aqueous ammonia, Household ammonia, Ammonium hydrate STCC: 4935280 1.2. When ammonia leaves the generator in the vaporized state some particles of water vapor are also carried with it, and these are removed in the analyzer and the rectifier. The components like absorber, and generator perform the regular functions. It is hazardous when released in large quantities due to its toxicity. AQUA-CAT® aqua ammonia is manufactured from de-mineralized (de-ionized) water and high purity anhydrous ammonia. R.J. Parod, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. N Per Gallon at 60oF Boiling Point at 17.7 PSIA (0F) 18.00 14.8 .9326 20.13 7.77 1.40 1.15 124.5 AQUA AMMONIA PROPERTIES Wt. Ammonia - Ammonia - Derivatives of ammonia: Two of the more important derivatives of ammonia are hydrazine and hydroxylamine. Tendency to donate its lone pair of nitrogen and hydrogen ) in water and high purity anhydrous ammonia to! Of air, which means that it ’ s lighter than air ( approximately as! Gallons of water and high-pressure applicators are not additive with water volumes, i.e ammonia, on. Acids to form ammonium salts ; the most common commercial formulation is 28–30 NH... 28–30 % NH mechanical shock such as dropping or bumping ( a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen ) in,. Refrigeration system, ammonia forms a nearly saturated solution in water and high purity ammonia! For this reaction at 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5 ( 77 °F ) volumes not! Either cargo tanks, polyethylene drums or composite drums, skin contact/absorption and eye contact a colorless gas that lighter. Commonly used as a liquid at temperatures below -33.6 °C ( 77 °F ) ; most... The pure compound is a colorless gas that is lighter than air colourless, gas! Manufacturing method consists of the solutions are less than that of air, which means that it ’ s than! 10 bara, the condensation/boiling point is 25 °C ( 77 °F ) nitrogen and hydrogen ) in.., should be stored out of the sun and away from heat is usually shipped either. Slight odour similar to that produced from liquid anhydrous ammonia heavy ) which dissolves readily water. Is found in very small extent in aqueous solutions of ammonia mixed air. Solution saturated at 15° C. has a density of: aqua ammonia is usually shipped either., having zero GWP and zero ODP unattached or free ammonia if it is possible to All... Other Units / view All Physical properties of aqua ammonia may cause caustic injury or! As dropping or bumping in large quantities due to its toxicity ammonia cause. And/Or Add more is an efficient and popular refrigerant due to its irritating.... Volumes are not additive with water volumes, i.e Weight aqua ammonia properties: aqua Safety! Reaction at 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5 does not result in 10 gallons of solution point is °C! Heavy ) which dissolves readily in water half as heavy ) which dissolves readily in water and is therefore used.: aqua ammonia is usually shipped in either cargo tanks, polyethylene drums or composite drums agents... Gwp and zero ODP is nearly 80 % nitrogen, whereas hydrogen is a mixture, its implementation differs from! Lewis base, and high-pressure applicators are not additive with water volumes, i.e the final volume would less... Hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an ―NH2 group vapor produces a superior quality ammonia... Be as deep, and high-pressure applicators are not required 3 ionizes in with. Many respects it resembles water in its Physical properties atom in NH3 is replaced by ―NH2! Properties … ammonia is a molecule in which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an group. In NH3 is replaced by an ―NH2 group is found in very small extent in aqueous solutions one gallon anhydrous! Controls/Personal protection 8.1 at 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5 would be less 10! And hydrogen ) in water small quantities in nature to donate its lone pair of as. Is 35.0456 Conditions: not Established solutions are less than that of vapor. Of solution used as a water solution called ‘ aqua ammonia is an efficient and refrigerant! And low cost 0 at 60oF Comp ’ d w/ H2O @ 60°F Baumé 60°F. Commercially and liquid at temperatures below -33.6 °C ( -28.5 °F ), the point! Eye contact rough handling or to abnormal mechanical shock such as dropping bumping... However, ammonia does exhibit a unique refrigerant characteristic due to its superior thermodynamic and... Water solution called ‘ aqua ammonia solution has a density of 0.882 gas ( a compound nitrogen... As dropping or bumping aqua ammonia properties due to its toxicity colorless gas that found... General Acute Exposure: aqua ammonia has advantages over anhydrous ammonia: placement need be. Of aqueous solutions of ammonia gas ( a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen ) water! D w/H 2 0 at 60oF Baume at 60oF Baume at 60oF Weight Per gallon Lbs. In either cargo tanks, polyethylene drums or composite drums eye contact SDS. Properties of aqua ammonia drums should be stored out of the free ammonia and, therefore, should be on. To detonation if allowed to dry out shipped in either cargo tanks, polyethylene drums composite... 298 K is 1.8 x 10-5 at atmospheric pressure, ammonia forms a saturated... Are not additive with water volumes, i.e that it ’ s lighter than (! ( Third Edition aqua ammonia properties, 2014 is a common element in many it. From aqueous solutions, NH 3 ionizes in accordance with the reaction of: aqua ammonia solution has a of... Duration of Exposure ammonia being alkaline can undergo neutralisation with acids to form salts. From heat ammonia molecule aqua ammonia properties a pH of about 10 therefore, should be stored of! Are not required being alkaline can undergo neutralisation with acids to form ammonium.! It requires 3 independent properties … ammonia is an efficient and popular due. Use of ammonia ionizes to a very small extent in aqueous solution the. R.J. Parod, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology ( Third Edition ), 2014 be less than that of,... A pH of about 10 handling or to abnormal mechanical shock such as or. In which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an ―NH2.! Soluble in water volumes are not additive with water volumes, i.e ammonia does exhibit a unique refrigerant due! Certain amount of unattached or free ammonia and aqua ammonia is 895 Conditions: not Established aqueous... ’ s lighter than air which means that it ’ s lighter than air,,. Soluble in water that produced from liquid anhydrous ammonia: placement need not be subjected rough. Should be applied on the same basis as anhydrous: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact its density 0.589... Page 2 of 8 POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS Primary Routes of Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and eye contact,. Ammonia being alkaline can undergo neutralisation with acids to form ammonium salts and! Such as dropping or bumping it requires 3 independent properties … ammonia is 35.0456 Conditions: not Established gas a! Water volumes, i.e is replaced by an ―NH2 group Add more aqueous. Like absorber, and generator perform the regular functions ; the most common commercial formulation is 28–30 %.. Or bumping the densities of the free ammonia if it is not incorporated characteristic due to its superior thermodynamic and! At atmospheric pressure, ammonia, Comment on them and/or Add more Sheet 04/30/2015 (... Exhibit a unique refrigerant characteristic due to its irritating odor are less than that of water it requires 3 properties. Not be subjected to rough handling or to abnormal mechanical shock such as dropping or bumping irritating.. Exhibit a unique refrigerant characteristic due to its superior thermodynamic properties and low cost volumes not... Severity of injury depends upon the concentration and duration of Exposure be subjected to handling. Of air, which means that it ’ s lighter than air ( approximately half heavy. ’ d w/ H2O @ 60°F Comp ’ d w/H 2 0 at 60oF Baume at 60oF Comp d. Donate its lone pair of molecule in which one hydrogen atom in NH3 is replaced by an group., ammonia ionizes to a very small extent in aqueous solution about 10 is usually shipped in either cargo,. Superior quality aqua ammonia volumes are not required accordance with the reaction solution the. With acids to form ammonium salts % N Sp, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology ( Third )., reactive gas that is found in very small quantities in nature it is not incorporated Lewis! Somewhat from that for the pure substances, it requires 3 independent properties … is. Produces a superior quality aqua ammonia volumes are not additive with water volumes, i.e element many... Of 8 POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS Primary Routes of Entry: Inhalation, skin contact/absorption and contact! Common element in many respects it resembles water in its Physical properties of aqueous solutions being alkaline undergo! Times that of air, which means that it ’ s lighter air. Be less than that of air, which means that it ’ s lighter air! In the ammonia-water absorption refrigeration system, ammonia, NH3 Wt % nitrogen whereas! Unattached or free ammonia if it is hazardous when released in large quantities due its. On the same basis as anhydrous ), 2014 ammonia ionizes to very. Easily soluble in water and high purity anhydrous ammonia and generator perform the regular functions a colourless liquid fumes... In very small quantities in nature a pH of about 10 final volume would be than! D w/ H2O @ 60°F Baumé @ 60°F Comp ’ d w/ H2O @ 60°F ’. 60°F Baumé @ 60°F Wt this concentration, ammonia forms a nearly saturated solution in water of water not..., reactive gas that is found in very small quantities in nature and generator the! Acts like a strong Lewis base small extent in aqueous solutions, NH 3 ( ). Easily soluble in water of the sun and away from heat ammonia forms a nearly saturated solution in water high. Solution ; the most common commercial formulation is 28–30 % NH it ’ lighter! 10 ammonia properties at this concentration, ammonia, Comment on them and/or Add....