, Over 1,000 miles of canals and hundreds of pumping Excess lake water periodically spilled over Lake Okeechobee's southern bank on to the Everglades, a huge freshwater marsh that gently led water from the lake toward Florida Bay at the southern draintheEverglades(U.S. Senate1911). Jennings. of the dike were seen immediately. and, for the first time in south Florida's urban history, water shortages in The Everglades is in 1947 prompted an unprecedented construction of canals throughout southern The Everglades offers a rare chance to get off the beaten path and to get a taste of primordial Florida, which is a tonic: In a few minutes, you can … The effects Army Corps of Engineers to assist the communities surrounding the lake. provide farming and inhabitable land. But by 1912 Lake Okeechobee had been fished out and the industry was gone. From 1904 until his death in 1910, Gov. Further partial drainage of the Everglades helped to spur south Florida’s land boom in the 1920s, as more dry land became available for development and canals were dug to reach it. world to experience its natural beauty. times of drought. A national push for progress and expansion toward the latter part of the nineteenth century stimulated interest in draining the Everglades for agricultural use. Severe hurricanes in 1926 and 1928 caused catastrophic damage and flooding from Lake Okeechobee. Disston sold tracts of land for $5 an acre. Pioneer Life  |  Progress 02/03/95 to 09/30/03 Outputs Concerns regarding the quality of agricultural drainage from the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) in south Florida discharged into the downstream Everglades ecosystems led to a regulatory program to reduce phosphorus (P) loads coming out of the area. of this article was extracted from Draining and Development of the Everglades were drowned and standing water was left in suburban areas for months. An extended drought occurred in the 1930s, Further floods Settlers used them to reach their new land, and farmers used them to ship their produce to the eastern towns with larger populations and connections to the railroad. Home  |  People  |  Box 4364, W.P.B., FL 33402  |  But to create farmland, the swampy Everglades had to be drained. Following another population boom after World War II, The State of Florida formed the Everglades Drainage District in 1907 and sold large tracts, mostly to land companies, between 1908 and 1910, when they brought the first dredge to Lake Okeechobee. Men such as William L. Stuckey established camps along the wild shores of Lake Okeechobee, and several fishing companies were founded – the million-dollar industry employed 1,500 people. Recognition of the negative impacts of the efforts to drain the Everglades led to the establishment of Everglades National Park in 1947. The Everglades is a vast wetland ecosystem located in southern Florida, commonly known as the “River of Grass”.It serves as a hub for biodiversity, as it is home to many different walks of life (animals, plants, and microorganisms), some of which are rare, endangered, or native only to the Everglades. Furthermore, the historical hydrology and low flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the Following another population boom after. Fortunately, a slow turnaround has been happening for the Miami Everglades. The State of Florida formed the Everglades Drainage District in 1907 and sold large tracts, mostly to land companies, between 1908 and 1910, when they brought the first dredge to Lake Okeechobee. and Other Purposes (C&SF). in South Florida, was a staunch advocate for protection of the Everglades. Although there were no human casualties, cattle and deer A national push for expansion and progress toward the latter part of the 19th century stimulated interest in draining the Everglades for agricultural use. We just posted about a new batch of The Key West Citizen, but even more pages were just uploaded to Chronicling America!This batch includes January-December 1941, October-December 1942, January-August 1943, March-December 1945, January-December 1946, January-December 1947, and January-July 1949. Minnie Moore-Willson’s opposition to drainage was born through her interactions with the Seminoles. Today, the park comprises a vast wetland wilderness unlike any other in the world. Much The report provided the supporting information that eventually led to the passing of Senate Bill 338 in which the U.S. government officially authorized the Everglades drainage. thousands of years, its waters and vegetation provide home to thousands of Draining the swamps created rich farmland, but also left the area prone to flooding. Soil sediment characterization and particulate P transport studies were conducted on three … and 1963, Everglades were divided into basins. In the southern Everglades, was According to the University of Florida, this endeavor was ultimately unsuccessful, and Disston parceled up this land and sold it. flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the devices that delivered water to agricultural and newly developed urban areas. Today the lake supports sportfishing and has been called the “Bass Fishing Capital of the World.” After the fishing industry died, farming took its place. Written by James Weiss; Edited by Ira Goldman; Parkland Historical Society President Jeff Schwartz; The Florida Nevertheless, cities like Parkland and with the wall preventing water leaving Lake Okeechobee and canals and May Mann Jennings, regardless of her husband, William Sherman Jennings’ interests in wiping out the natural ecosystem, worked to get Royal Palm Hammock in Paradise Key designated as a state park. fax: 561.832.7965  |  Timeline The C&SF used four methods in flood Everglades is one of nature's true masterpieces with its 4000 square miles of diverse The canals also supplied a new means of transportation. Once the land was drained and the rich muck soil surfaced, people responded to the State’s promotion of the Everglades. Communities  |  Progress  |  became parched. This Parkland and Coral Springs, just to the west of Heron Bay and the north/south Links  |  Agriculture  |  A pattern of political and financial motivation and a lack of understanding of the geography and ecology of the Everglades plagued the history of drainage projects. On July 4th, 1906, Florida began work on the first dredging project in south Florida, the North New River Canal in Fort Lauderdale. Florida politicians continued to push for drainage and in the early 1900s, John W. Newman led several successful drainage projects in South Florida, some of which encroached on the Everglades. However, he led efforts to drain the Everglades, and forced the other candidates to take a position on the issue. Maps & Photos  |  started its draining projects in the 1920s. The Florida Napoleon Bonaparte Broward made draining the Everglades region his main campaign. During his 1904 campaign to be elected governor, Napoleon Bonaparte Broward promised to drain the Everglades, and his later projects were more effective than Disston's. Broward's promises sparked another land boom. Rapidly growing Fort Lauderdale paid him tribute by naming Broward County after him (the town's original plan had been to name it Everglades County). [Picture Credit: http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/Sect3/Sect3_8.html]. Severe hurricanes in 1926 and 1928 caused catastrophic damage and flooding from Lake Okeechobee. mail: P.O. Socio-economic importance The Everglades support major industries and provide South Florida’s drinking water, supporting the explo-sive development of one of the fastest growing and economically dynamic regions in the United States. the Everglades was divided into sections separated by canals and water control Florida. The system begins near Orlando with the Kissimmee River, which discharges into the vast but shallow Lake Okeechobee. By the time it was over, five large canals acting as drains had been dug from Lake Okeechobee to the Atlantic Ocean to let water out: the Miami, North New River, Hillsboro, West Palm Beach, and St. Lucie canals. Site Map  |   the eastern Everglades and the suburbs from Palm Beach south to Homestead. Between When it starts raining over south Florida, it rains everywhere including on our largest lake, Lake Okeechobee. Most people assume that when the settlers planted their roots here they began to drain the Everglades. In 1881, he bought 4,000,000 acres of land for $1 million (25¢ per acre). Posts about everglades written by Sarah "Moxy" Moczygemba. Her resolve to protect Seminole culture led to the passing of a Florida Seminole Land bill that preserved 100,000 acres of undrained Everglades land for Seminole use. hurricanes and a wet season responsible for 100 inches of rain, ending the The destruction and drainage of the Florida Everglades dates back to the 19th century. 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