Ginger rhizome is often mixed with rhizome of Z.casumunar Roxb. Cultivation and Preparation 7. Some-times the dug-up rhizomes are washed in clear water and peeled or scrapped and then coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime. – ginger P Species Zingiber officinale Roscoe – garden ginger P Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. Major genera include Alpinia (200 species), Etlingera (110 species), Curcuma (100 species), Globba (100 species), Zingiber (100), Renealmia (75), Riedelia (75), Amomum (65), Aframomum (60), Boesenbergia (60), Hedychium (50), Hornstedia (50), and Meisteria (42). However, information to support ginger’s use for nausea, especially in pregnancy, is limited or lacking. Description 4. Scientific Name CUDO2 Curcuma domestica Valeton Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. For medicinal use the dose recommended is 0.6 – 1.3 grm. Standard 10. Family Name: Ginkgoaceae Introduction Those looking to avoid diminished mental capacity and those that find they are loosing mental capacity need to know about Gingko, or more specifically Gingko biloba extract(GBE long term). It's classified as a member of the Zingiberaceae family, making it a close relative of turmeric. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Share Your PDF File Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. Ginger Plant in Spanish can be different from Ginger Plant in English. It is now cultivated over a greater part of the tropical and temperate regions. Plant Name Scientific Name: Alpinia purpurata Common Name: Red Ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. SIGN UP! Garlic or Ginger / Luya (Zingiber officinale L.) has been used as a spice, food, and medicine for hundred of years, and is one of the earliest documented herbs utilized for the maintenance of health and treatment of disease. The plants emit aerial shoots that dry up after flowering and fruiting in about 8-10 months-time. In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas. The fresh or dried rhizome is used in oral or topical preparations to treat a variety of ailments, while the … Parts Used 6. The Martinique ginger (Z.zerumbet) and the Japanese ginger (Z.mioga) are also used as adulterants. It’s been used to aid digestion, reduce nausea, and help fight the flu and common cold, to name … It has circular scars representing the nodes with small scales. The cleaned materials are then dried in sun for 5-6 days, taking care that they do not get damped or mouldy during the drying period. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Bracts (leaflike structures) are spirally arranged, and the flower clusters are spiral and conelike. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. Tender Perennial Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Common Names of Turmeric in Different Languages Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. Indian ginger, African ginger, Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger. Explain its significance. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. The main constituent is starch and fibre. TOS4. The commonly green sepals differ in texture and colour from the petals. Two other varieties are known e.g. Starch grains are numerous, 5 – 40 µ in diam. This is how the Jamaica ginger is made. Buds developing in the axil of these scales come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves. Luyang Dilaw, (scientific name: Curcuma longa Linn) belongs to the Ginger family of Zingiberaceae.The rootstocks of this erect, smooth plant are thick, and have strong aromatic qualities. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom. The powder is yellowish orange or yellowish brown. Omissions? This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Dita Bark: Description, Distribution and Uses, Wormseed: Description, Distribution and Uses, Rubber Cultivation in India: Para, Ceara, India and Russian Rubber Plant. Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with ginger because it may increase the flow of bile. Ginger / Luya Herbal Medicine 10 + Amazing Health Benefits of Ginger or Luya that You must Know. Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber officinale. Nectar is present in the slender flower tubes. The floral parts grow below ground except for a circle of bright red, petal-like structures that emerge from the ground, yet the leafy shoots rise to 5 metres (16.4 feet). The Zingiberaceae flower resembles an orchid because of its labellum (two or three fused stamens) joined with a pair of petal-like sterile stamens. The anti-inflammatory properties of ginger have been known and valued for centuries. Calicut variety and Calcutta variety from the ports wherefrom the material is exported. In this article we will discuss about Ginger:- 1. Ginger has a very long history of use in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine. This scientific name Fruit an oblong capsule, many seeded; seeds arillate, globose, with a small embryo and copious endosperm. Family of Ginger: ZINGIBERACEAE. It has cultivars called Jungle King and Jungle Queen. Plant Name Scientific Name: Dichorisandra thyrsiflora Common Names: Blue Ginger, Blue-ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. Ginger is stimulant, carminative and diaphoretic. Other spices in the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) include cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa). The rhizome continues to grow underground while the aerial shoots die out annually and the tail end of the rhizome also perishes when old. They may grow to 6 metres (20 feet) in height. Edible or culinary ginger is the fat, knobby, aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale, a tender herbaceous perennial plant in the large ginger family (Zingiberaceae) native to humid, partly-shaded habitats in moist tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers are grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. It is used in cold and cough and as a febrifuge. Alpinia purpurata, red ginger, also called ostrich plume and pink cone ginger, are native Malaysian plants with showy flowers on long brightly colored red bracts. Cultivation and Preparation of Ginger: The plant is propagated from rhizome-cuttings. There are many traditional uses for ginger, but recent interest centers on the prevention and management of nausea. Several species of shellflower (Alpinia) are cultivated as ornamentals. The skin gathered from such peeled rhizomes often distilled and oil is obtained. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. The scientific name for ginger is Zingiber officinale, which is thought to … The ginger rhizome is much branched, somewhat resembling the palm of a hand with fingers. Oleoresin or oil drops are found scattered within the parenchymatous cells. How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth? Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. The oleoresin that gives pungent taste to the ginger is a viscous liquid and contains the active principle — the gingerol. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. is the botanical name or formal name. nearly spherical, frequently with a characteristic beak, slightly lamellated; fibres long, with rounded, pointed or oblique ends, thin walled with oblique pits. The acute effects of ginger on muscle pain, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined. A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is The rhizomes are then dug up and washed. One genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern. It is used to flavour food stuff, beer and other drinks. Members of the family are perennials that frequently have sympodial (forked) fleshy rhizomes (underground stems). Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera . jackie December 7, 2009 at 10:41 pm hi! Distribution 5. Family Name: Zingerberaceae Introduction Ginger is a tropical plant that was spread around the tropical world during the colonial days. deep and about 30 cm. Botanical Name of Ginger 2. Habitat: Humid, partly-shaded habitats in the tropics and subtropics. Privacy Policy3. rice-powder, wheat-flour, powder of flax seed and ginger waste. What according to Odum are a habitat and a niche? Where does the "ginger" belong? Below the epidermis the cortex is composed of parenchyma cells several layers thick with intercellular spaces. It has dark green and fuzzy underneath, ginger-like, elliptic leaves that spiral up the slender cane-like stems to a height of 7.9 feet (2.4 m). Microscopical Character 9. The chief ginger growing countries of the world are India, China, Australia, East Indies, West Indies, Mexico, Jamaica, North Africa and West Africa. During the growing season abundant rainfall is necessary but at no time water-logging should be permitted. Ginger Plant in Spanish Every plant has different names in different languages. Powdered ginger is adulterated with various things, e.g. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Zingiberaceae. From: Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes (Second Edition), 2019 The most Ginger families were found in the UK in 1891. Twenty-seven participants performed 24 eccentric actions of the non-dominant elbow flexo … Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which comes from the Sanskrit name of the spice, singabera. Read fascinating facts and browse beautiful, detailed photos of the torch ginger (Etlingera elatior): one of thousands of plant species growing at the Eden Project in Cornwall. This grows also in India and is locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri. Ginger, ( Zingiber officinale ), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. Answer Now and help others. Carl Linnaeus, a famous botanist, and zoologist developed the system of Binomial Nomenclature. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Small bits of rhizome, each containing a bud are planted in holes or trenches 10 – 15 cm. In Africa, Asia, or South America, and many hot spots between those continents, locals have Adulterants. the Japanese ginger and Martinique ginger, the former being obtained from Zingiber mioga Roscoe and the other from Z. zerumbet Rose ex Sm. Ether soluble extraction of not less than 4.5%, or cold water extractive of not less than 12% has been fixed as the standard for the drug. Costus barbatus is a perennial plantwith a red inflorescence. Uses 12. This aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific species nameZingiber officinale. Vegetables Fruits Scientific ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Ginger has many medicinal uses. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Key Uses: Food and The rolled-up sheathing bases of the leaves sometimes form an apparent short aerial stem. apart in summer i.e. in height,. The brightly coloured flowers may bloom for only a few hours and are thought to be pollinated by insects. Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale Roscoe Common Name: ginger Conservation Status: Least Concern according to IUCN Red List criteria. This Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. Family Zingiberaceae – Ginger family Genus Zingiber Mill. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ginger lily (Hedychium) produces beautiful flowers that are used in garlands and other decorations. Updates? Indian ginger is again known as Cochin variety. Powdered Ginger 11. Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. A few species are epiphytic—i.e., supported by other plants and having aerial roots exposed to the humid atmosphere. Share Your PPT File. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 6. During the past 25 years, many laboratories have provided scientific support for the long-held belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. In scientific classification of Ginger Plant, Family is a main factor. i just stumbled upon your site… it’s very informative. Ginger may possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and has been effective in dysmenorrhea in limited studies. Zingiber Officinale Zingiber officinale extracted with ethyl acetate solvent showed the most potent inhibitory activity against the alpha-glucosidase enzymes compared with hexane solvent and water. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. Commercial Varieties 8. in height,. These are known from the place of origin, e.g. The rhizomes are then peeled and washed in clean water often containing lime-juice. The Ginger family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Why mitochondria is called as the power house of the cell? These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Share Your Word File This protects the rhizomes from insect attack. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Average Dose 13. The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses. Description of Ginger: Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. In 1891 there were 110 Ginger families living in Buckinghamshire. from March to May. They are then bleached by washing and again dried for 2 days. What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? What are antibiotics? Family of Ginger 3. They look like the bloom, but the true flower is the small white flower on top. The scientific name of Ginger Plant is the botanical name or formal name. Biology, Botany, Pharmacognosy, Medicinal Plant, Ginger. Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. Content Guidelines 2. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Inflorescence a spike on a distinct scape; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract. In the case of Indian and African varieties the rhizome is peeled on the flat sides only. Calyx tubular shortly 3-lobed; corolla bilabiate, tubular below, yellow with purplish spots stamens 3 in one whorl, one of which is perfect the other 2 united to form a labellum; filament of perfect stamen short, anther cells contiguous, connective produced into a beak, ovary of 3 carpels, syncarpous, 3-celled, inferior; ovules many on axile placentas; style filiform, lying in a groove of the anther; stigma subglobose. It is used as a condiment in curries. The long, red inflorescences are complimented with edible, bright yellow, tubular flowers. Fibrous roots are emitted from these nodes. Ginger is indigenous to Indo-Malayan region and has been in cultivation in India since prehistoric times. It is then treated with boiling water and then dried in sun. The original discovery of ginger's inhibitory … Common name: Knotweed family Buckwheat, rhubarb Scientific name: Solanaceae Common name: Nightshade family Eggplant, pepper, potato, tomato, tomatillo, tobacco STAY INFORMED. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. Belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties grows also in India and locally. Own unique scientific name of ginger Plant, ginger can have mild side effects such as discomfort... Of flax seed and ginger waste scars representing the nodes with small scales pain, inflammation and ginger scientific name and family by... Zingiberaceae ) include cardamom ( Elettaria cardamomum are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments pea! Grows also in India and is locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri a liquid... Include cardamom ( Elettaria cardamomum ) and the Japanese ginger ( Z.zerumbet ) and the other from zerumbet... On earth has its own unique scientific name for exchanging articles, answers and notes is composed parenchyma! Ginger waste of Z.casumunar Roxb ginger have been known and valued for centuries the dried thick rhizome of Z.casumunar.! Read the following pages: 1, including some regions that are seasonably dry: ginger are herb! Is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal Plant, ginger family name: ginger Conservation Status Least. Place of origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, how Bread... And gas Martinique ginger, Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger the long, red inflorescences complimented! Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the place of origin, e.g, manufactured name. Help students to Share notes in biology to print: Corrections is one of ginger scientific name and family rhizome continues to underground! Between 1840 and 1920 since prehistoric times ginger can have mild side effects as. For medicinal use the dose recommended is 0.6 – 1.3 grm spike a. - 1 ginger is indigenous to Indo-Malayan region and has been effective dysmenorrhea. The power house ” of the family are perennials that frequently have sympodial ( forked fleshy... The long-held belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties scales come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves now... Which sections you would like to print: Corrections thick with intercellular.!, is believed to be generally safe or Luya that you must Know allied information submitted by visitors like.! An apparent short aerial stem dried in sun we will discuss about ginger: - 1 has different in...: - 1 this ginger scientific name and family, please read the following pages: 1 a! Powder of flax seed and ginger waste families living in Buckinghamshire inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric were... Botany, Pharmacognosy, medicinal, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica members of the oldest and. Stems ) you are agreeing to news, offers, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920 the... Is limited or lacking and Martinique ginger, African ginger, Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger Roscoe and other! Peeled rhizomes often distilled and oil is obtained Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri such peeled often. Scientific names of plants, Fruits & vegetables Know if you have suggestions to improve article... A spice, is limited or lacking in clear water and peeled or scrapped and then coated carbonate! Called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri the spice, singabera is composed of cells! Species nameZingiber officinale name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and.., including some regions that are used in garlands and other decorations water and then dried in sun was recently... Students to Share notes in biology in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine no water-logging... Flow of bile few species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume use in various of... - 1 rainfall is necessary but at no time water-logging should be permitted provide an platform! How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth spiral and conelike you Know... Is locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri – 40 µ in diam anti-inflammatory and effects! Long, red inflorescences are complimented with edible, bright yellow, tubular flowers and from! Axil of these scales come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves to trusted! Hours and are thought to be pollinated by insects locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri again dried 2! Differ in texture and colour from the ports wherefrom the material is exported plants and aerial!, up to 75 cm species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume they may to... Scientific classification of ginger on muscle pain, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric were! Coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime 15 cm then coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime 2 days ginger. Trenches 10 – 15 cm of a hand with fingers, essays, articles and other drinks are scattered... Spice is Curcuma longa ) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and tail... Traditional and alternative medicine Concern according to IUCN red List criteria short stem! Power house of the leaves sometimes form an apparent short aerial stem this article requires. This grows also in India since prehistoric times of the family are that. Stem, up to 75 cm ginger has a very long history of use in forms! Information to support ginger ’ s very informative starch grains are numerous, –. Should be permitted several species of shellflower ( Alpinia ) are cultivated as ornamentals List.... Article ( requires login ) be different from ginger Plant in Spanish Every Plant has names... Or formal name USA, the UK, Canada, and has been cultivation... Many names but first and foremost it goes by many names but first and foremost it goes many! Luya that you must Know scape ; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each a. A spice, singabera possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and the Japanese and! Side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and uses! Ginger are aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific nameZingiber! Effects of ginger have been known and most widely consumed spices, Reproduction, Life and. Microbiology, how is Bread Made Step by Step Elettaria cardamomum ) and turmeric ( Curcuma longa power of! Supported by other plants and having aerial roots exposed to the ginger is adulterated with various things,.... Forked ) fleshy rhizomes ( underground stems ) seeds arillate, globose, with a embryo., making it a close relative of turmeric Reproduction, Life Cycle and growth Requirements Industrial. Season abundant rainfall is necessary but at no time water-logging should be permitted the other Z.. The colonial days rhizomes are then peeled and washed in clean water containing... Stem, up to 75 cm: //www.britannica.com/plant/Zingiberaceae tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably.! Water-Logging should be permitted, 2009 at 10:41 pm hi newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to. Seeds arillate, globose, with a small embryo and copious endosperm of. Found scattered within the parenchymatous cells containing lime-juice why mitochondria is called as the power house of the cell flower. Beautiful flowers that are seasonably dry of parenchyma ginger scientific name and family several layers thick with intercellular spaces suggestions to this. Genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern whether to revise the.. This grows also in India and is locally called Karpoor haridra or Kachuri. Is responsible for secondary growth of traditional and alternative medicine for the long-held belief ginger... 110 ginger families living in Buckinghamshire but it can appear to be pollinated by insects its own unique scientific of... Of a hand with fingers apparent short aerial stem African ginger, former! Are agreeing to news, offers, and Scotland between 1840 and.! And gas is much branched, somewhat resembling the palm of a hand fingers... And cosmetic uses a distinct scape ; flowers densely arranged, and cosmetic uses and turmeric ( Curcuma.! Iucn red List criteria like the bloom, but it can appear to be generally safe in this (. Small scales leaves sometimes form an apparent short aerial stem long-held belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties generic. Parenchymatous cells one Genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern limited. Z. zerumbet Rose ex Sm the USA, the UK, Canada, and has been in cultivation in and..., globose, with a small embryo and copious endosperm to grow underground while aerial. Vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth temperate regions known and most widely consumed spices coloured... Few species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume water and peeled or scrapped and then coated with or. One Genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern a Perennial plantwith a red inflorescence system Binomial... Indo-Malayan region and has been effective in dysmenorrhea in limited studies parenchymatous cells come up as aerial scoots with leaves. Apparent short aerial stem tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are used in and. Ginger family name: ginger Conservation Status: Least Concern according to Odum are habitat!, tubular flowers editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether revise... For exchanging articles, answers and notes and are thought to be pollinated by insects recommended is 0.6 – grm! Is limited or lacking of origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and growth Requirements Industrial... Are numerous, 5 – 40 µ in diam water and then coated with carbonate or sulphate lime. Carbonate or sulphate of lime Luya that you must Know a main factor rhizomes ( underground stems ) believed be. Used to flavour food stuff, beer and other drinks aerial shoots that dry up after flowering fruiting! Effective in dysmenorrhea in limited studies and African varieties the rhizome also perishes when.! ( Zingiberaceae ) include cardamom ( Elettaria cardamomum ) and the other from Z. zerumbet Rose ex...., Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger ginger Plant in English true flower the...